In 1992, a partnership of four organisations
was formed to spearhead the restoration. It became obvious that
we needed a multi-disciplinary team to overcome the complex problems
of the Fen; the range of skills within the partnership provided
The total budget was £3.4 million. The
work was organised into borehole relocation (£2.2 million),
River Restoration (£0.4 million) and Fen Restoration (£0.8
million). This involved an intense period of activity with a very
wide range of tasks, on a short timescale.
The conservation of fens was becoming a critical on the continent,
and the problems encountered in Suffolk were typical of those found
in every corner of the EU. The European Commission were looking
for a Demonstration Project, which could be used to exemplify novel
solutions to common problems. They chose our project and awarded
50% of the costs from the LIFE fund.
Environment Agency (EA)
The EA began operations on the 1st April 1996.
It was formed from the merger of the Waste Regulations Authorities,
Her Majesty's Inspectors of Pollution and the National Rivers Authority.
This Agency is responsible for developing a comprehensive approach
to protecting and improving the air, land and water environment
of England and Wales.
Suffolk Wildlife Trust (SWT)
Established in 1961, the Trust is the largest
charity concerned solely with the conservation of all Suffolk's
wildlife and its habitats. It is one of the 48 County Wildlife Trusts
and manages 75 reserves, surveys and monitors wildlife sites, runs
education centres, supports local action and compaigns for better
English Nature (EN)
English Nature is the statutory body which achieves,
enables and promotes nature conservation in England, through working
in partnership with individuals and with a wide range of organisations
including Government, representative bodies, agencies and voluntary
bodies. English Nature's Suffolk Team is based in Bury St Edmunds
and is the local focus for the organisation's work which involves
- amongst other things - looking after the county's National Nature
Reserves (NNRs) and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs).
Essex & Suffolk Water
Essex & Suffolk Water are
responsible for ensuring all domestic and business water demands
are met in this area.
The source of our water - In the Essex area, most of the water used comes from river
sources. Much of this water is imported from outside the region
through a river transfer system which supports the dry Essex Rivers.
We also have a small supply from boreholes in East London which
draw water from the underground rock aquifers. These aquifers are
layers of rock which store rainfall that has filtered down into
them through the soil layers above.
In the Suffolk and Norfolk area, about half of the
water we use comes from surface sources, with the remainder coming
from underground. Boreholes throughout the Suffolk area pump water
from the region's aquifers.
Who uses Essex & Suffolk
Water? Essex & Suffolk Water supplies 1.7 million people
with drinking water. We supply water to three fifths of Essex as
well as Barking, Dagenham, Havering and parts of Redbridge. Parts
of Suffolk and Norfolk are also supplied by Essex & Suffolk
Water, from Winterton to Aideburgh on the coast and as far west
The 1960s and 1970s saw a steady and significant growth
in water demand. Currently demand for water is at its highest ever
recorded level, with a record-breaking increase in demand during
the summer of 1995, due to the exceptional weather.
Since the early 1960s, population in the region has
grown by 18%. Suffolk has seen the greatest rate of growth at 41%.
In addition, the summer season brings the holidaymakers to east
- coast resorts such as Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, increasing
the Suffolk population by a third.
The Office of National Statistics predicts that the
region's population will increase by 5% in the next 20 years, producing
a further significant increase in the demand for water.